Orthodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the proper alignment of teeth and jaw, improving function, aesthetics, facial structure as well as overall oral health.
Common conditions that may require orthodontia are:
- Crowded teeth
- Excessive spacing
- Excessive overbite
- Under bite
- Deep bite
- Open bite
- Cross bite
The following situations may necessitate orthodontic treatment:
Stage I: Minor correction of malaligned teeth with habit correction and space maintenance of premature loss of primary teeth.
Stage II: Usually for correction of upper and lower front teeth that are crowded, decrease overbite, or to correct a cross bite. This is usually considered Phase I treatment. Phase II orthodontic treatment is necessary in these children when all primary teeth shed and permanent teeth are erupted.
Stage III: Permanent dentition requires full braces. Each individual case is different. Therefore, treatment on every child is customized on how much alignment is required. In some cases clear retainer-like braces can be used.